Newborns who have undergone surgery may suffer from delayed cognitive and motor development even though there are no signs of congenital brain malformation and/or perinatal injury. It is thought that surgery and anesthesiology affect the newborn brain.
The aim of this study is to show how the different surgical and anesthesiologic approaches affect validated parameters of cerebral oxygenation, autoregulation and neurovascular coupling. In addition, follow-up during the first two and a half years of the newborn’s life will give objective data of the longer-term effects of these interventions.
This study will create understanding about the potential perioperative risk factors for brain injury. This knowledge will have a positive effect on the perioperative care for all neonates.